Suntan Cautions and warnings of Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors

January 29, 2011 Views
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1. Aluminum electrolytic capacitors have a bi-polar structure. This is marked on the body of the capacitor. A capacitor must not be mounted with reversed polarity. The application of an AC or reverse voltage may cause a short circuit or damage the capacitor. Bi-polar capacitors must not be used in AC applications, where the polarity may be reversed in the circuits or is unknown.

2. The DC voltage applied to the capacitor terminal must not exceed its rated operating voltage, as this will result in a rapid increase of the leakage current and may damage the capacitor. It is recommended to operate the capacitor at 70 – 80% of its rated voltage to optimize its service life.

3. The ripple current applied to the capacitor must be within the permitted range. An excessive ripple current leads to impaired electrical properties and may damage the capacitor. Note that the sum of the peak values of the ripple voltage and the DC operating voltage must not exceed the rated DC voltage.

4. Capacitors must be used within their permitted range of operating temperature. Operation at room temperature optimizes their service life.

5. Capacitors with case diameter 8 mm are equipped with a safety vent. In capacitors fitted with a lead or soldering lug, the safety vent is usually located at the base of the case. It needs sufficient space around it to operate optimally. The following dimensions are recommended: for case diameter d = 8 to 16 mm, more than 2 mm; for d = 18 to 35 mm, more than 3 mm; and for d = 42 mm or more, more than 5 mm.

6. Capacitors should not be mounted with the safety vent face down on the board. Do not locate any wire or copper trace near the safety vent. Do not reverse the voltage, as this may result in excess pressure and the leakage of electrolyte.

7. Gas is released through the safety vent when the pressure inside the capacitor is too high. A gaseous liquid around the safety vent does not indicate a leakage of electrolyte.

8. The capacitor should be stored under conditions of normal temperature and in a non-acid, non-alkali environment of normal humidity. Exposure to high temperatures, for example under direct sunlight, will reduce its operating life. If the capacitor is stored in an environment containing acids or alkalis, the solder ability of the leads may be affected.

9. Containing acids or alkalis, the solder ability of the leads may be affected. The leakage current of an aluminum electrolytic capacitor may increase after a long period of storage. After such storage, the capacitor must be aged by applying the rated operating voltage for 6 – 8 hours before use.

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Suntan Electric Double Layer Capacitor Advantages

January 28, 2011 Views
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Long life, with little degradation over hundreds of thousands of charge cycles. Due to the capacitor's high number of charge-discharge cycles (millions or more compared to 200 to 1000 for most commercially available rechargeable batteries) it will last for the entire lifetime of most devices, which makes the device environmentally friendly. Rechargeable batteries wear out typically over a few years, and their highly reactive chemical electrolytes present a disposal and safety hazard. Battery lifetime can be optimised by only charging under favorable conditions, at an ideal rate and, for some chemistries, as infrequently as possible. Electric Double Layer Capacitor can help in conjunction with batteries by acting as a charge conditioner, storing energy from other sources for load balancing purposes and then using any excess energy to charge the batteries at a suitable time.
Low cost per cycle
Good reversibility
Very high rates of charge and discharge.
Extremely low internal resistance (ESR) and consequent high cycle efficiency (95% or more) and extremely low heating levels
High output power
High specific power. According to ITS (Institute of Transportation Studies, Davis, California) test results, the specific power of electric double-layer capacitors can exceed 6 kW/kg at 95% efficiency
Improved safety, no corrosive electrolyte and low toxicity of materials.
Simple charge methods—no full-charge detection is needed; no danger of overcharging.

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Suntan Application Guidelines for Plastic Film Capacitors – Circuit Design

January 27, 2011 Views
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(1) Please make sure the environmental and mounting conditions to which capacitor will be exposed are within the conditions specified in Nichicon's catalog (or alternate Nichicon specifications, such as series drawing).
(2) Category Temperature and Humidity
1. In case that the category temperature is specified differently from store temperature, please follow the specific drawing.
2. Do not expose film capacitors to rapid temperature variations. Even if the range of change is within the specified limits.
3.Do not use film capacitors in such high humidity conditions that result in the capacitor being exposed to water (including condensation).
(3) When you choosing film capacitors for your circuit. Be sure the capacitor match the requirement of the application. If film capacitors are chosen in incorrectly, deterioration of the characteristics will be accelerated. Therefore, please chose the capacitor carefully.
(4) Unless otherwise specified, do not use film capacitors in the circuits requiring rapid and very frequent charge/discharge. Doing so may result in degrading or destruction of the capacitor.

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Suntan Ceramic Trimmer Capacitor Notice of Storage and Operating Condition

January 26, 2011 Views
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1. Do not use the trimmer capacitor under atmosphere of RTV silicone rubber (Room Temperature Vulcanizing Silicone Rubber) except Acetone liberating silicone sealant.

2. Before using trimmer capacitor, please store under the condition of -10 to +40 degrees C and 30% to 85%RH.

3. Do not store in or near corrosive gasses.

4. Use within 6 months of delivery.

5. Do not store under direct sunlight.

6. Do not use the trimmer capacitor under the conditions listed below.

(1) Corrosive gasses atmosphere (ex. Chlorine gas, Hydrogen sulfide gas, Ammonia gas, Sulfuric acid gas, Nitric oxide gas, etc.)

(2) In liquid (ex. water, oil, medical liquid,organic solvent, etc.)

(3) Dusty / dirty atmosphere

(4) Direct sunlight

(5) Static voltage nor electric/magnetic fields

(6) Direct sea breeze

(7) Other variations of the above

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Suntan Electric Double Layer Capacitor

January 25, 2011 Views
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Electric Double Layer Capacitor do not have a conventional dielectric. Rather than two separate plates separated by an intervening substance, these capacitors use "plates" that are in fact two layers of the same substrate, and their electrical properties, the so-called "electrical double layer", result in the effective separation of charge despite the vanishingly thin (on the order of nanometers) physical separation of the layers. The lack of need for a bulky layer of dielectric permits the packing of plates with much larger surface area into a given size, resulting in high capacitances in practical-sized packages.

In an electrical double layer, each layer by itself is quite conductive, but the physics at the interface where the layers are effectively in contact means that no significant current can flow between the layers. However, the double layer can withstand only a low voltage, which means that electric double-layer capacitors rated for higher voltages must be made of matched series-connected individual Electric Double Layer Capacitor, much like series-connected cells in higher-voltage batteries.

Electric Double Layer Capacitor have much higher power density than batteries. Power density combines the energy density with the speed that the energy can be delivered to the load. Batteries, which are based on the movement of charge carriers in a liquid electrolyte, have relatively slow charge and discharge times. Capacitors, on the other hand, can be charged or discharged at a rate that is typically limited by current heating of the electrodes. So while existing Electric Double Layer Capacitor have energy densities that are perhaps 1/10th that of a conventional battery, their power density is generally 10 to 100 times as great (see diagram, right).

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Suntan Silver Mica Capacitors

January 24, 2011 Views
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Mica capacitors are currently used in some low power RF designs, and pulse (snubber) applications, but advances in ceramic capacitor performance have slowly eroded mica’s traditional edge in these areas over the years. Perhaps more importantly, mica capacitors tend to be bulky—a result of the relatively low dielectric constant. For example, a 300 pF dipped mica capacitor may be as much as 16 times larger (in volume) than a good 300 pF MLC (NPO) capacitor. This low volumetric efficiency is a serious drawback in many applications such as portable electronic equipment. Some chip mica capacitors are available, but they tend to be expensive. Mica capacitors are still indispensable in high-power RF transmitter applications. In the latter case special rectangular, cylindrical, and button-style cases are used. Another niche is high-voltage applications that are a result of mica’s high dielectric breakdown and corona resistance.

Suntan Silver Mica Capacitors are available with values that range from 1–22,000 pF, voltages are in the range 50–1000V for standard dipped mica capacitors. Mica capacitors exhibit very little voltage dependence, have high Q or conversely small power factors that are quite independent of frequency. With all these advantage, our mica capacitors are ideal for high requence and RF applications.

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SMD Trimmer Potentiometer - 3mm - TSR-C3305

January 24, 2011 Views
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SMD Trimmer Potentiometer - 3mm Features

  • Reflow solderable
  • With rotation stopper
  • Low profile type (1.2mm in height)
  • Conform to RoHS Directives
  • Achieved excellent endurance characteristics by using “ Metal-glaze ” film
  • Standard Resistance Range 100 to 1M

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Chip Tantalum Capacitor SMD—TS20

January 21, 2011 Views
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Tantalum capacitors are a particularly useful form of capacitor. They offer a high capacity density, and provided they are operated within their ratings, they offer a high degree of reliability. Also they lend themselves to surface mount technology and in this guise tantalum capacitors are used in vast quantities each day.

Suntan provides Chip Tantalum Capacitor SMD—TS20, This type of capacitor is with 6 different sizes ( P case, A case, B Case, C case, D case, E Case ).

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Electrical behavior of Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitor

January 20, 2011 Views
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An electrolytic capacitor is a type of capacitor that uses an electrolyte, an ionic conducting liquid, as one of its plates, to achieve a larger capacitance per unit volume than other types. They are often referred to in electronics usage simply as "electrolytics". They are used in relatively high-current and low-frequency electrical circuits, particularly in power supply filters, where they store charge needed to moderate output voltage and current fluctuations in rectifier output. They are also widely used as coupling capacitors in circuits where AC should be conducted but DC should not. There are two types of electrolytics; aluminum and tantalum.

A common modeling circuit for an electrolytic capacitor has the following schematic:

Where Rleakage is the leakage resistance, RESR is the equivalent series resistance (ESR), LESL the equivalent series inductance (L being the conventional symbol for inductance).

RESR must be as small as possible since it determines the loss power when the capacitor is used to smooth voltage. Loss power scales quadratically with the ripple current flowing through and linearly with RESR. Low ESR capacitors are imperative for high efficiencies in power supplies. Low ESR capacitance can sometimes lead to destructive LC voltage spikes when exposed to voltage transients.

This is only a simple model and does not include dielectric absorption (soakage) and other non-ideal effects associated with real electrolytic capacitors.

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Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors/Axial & Radial Leaded--TS17

January 19, 2011 Views
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Multilayer ceramic capacitors are available in a variety of physical sizes and configurations, including leaded devices and surface mounted chips. Leaded styles include molded and conformally coated parts with axial and radial leads. However, the basic capacitor element is similar for all styles. It is called a chip and consists of formulated dielectric materials which have been cast into thin layers, interspersed with metal electrodes alternately exposed on opposite edges of the laminated structure. The entire structure is fired at high temperature to produce a monolithic block which provides high capacitance values in a small physical volume. After firing, conductive terminations are applied to opposite ends of the chip to make contact with the exposed electrodes. Termination materials and methods vary depending on the intended use.

Suntan TS17 Axial Multilayer Ceramic Capacitor, it can be made 50VDC and 100VDC, from 100pF to 1uF. The leads can be bended for mounting purpose.

Multilayer (mono) Axial & Radial Features:

Wide application in computer, data processor, telecommunication, Industrial control, and instrumentation equipments, etc.

Built by superior moisture and shock resistant epoxy coating, can be supplied in both bulk or tape and reel package for automatic insertion in printed circuit board.

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