Su Suntan 7 Terminal Square Trimming Potentiometers

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Suntan Technology Company Limited
---All kinds of Capacitors

7 Terminal Square Trimming Potentiometers Features

  1. (Single Turn/ Cermet/ Industrial/ Sealed)
  2. (7 Terminal Styles)

7 Terminal Square Trimming Potentiometers Parameters download PDF files Download TSR-3323 - 7 Terminal Square Trimming Potentiometers PDF

7 Terminal Square Trimming Potentiometers - Electrical Characteristics
Standard Resistance Range 10Ω - 2MΩ
Resistance Tolerance ±5%, ±10%
Absolute Minimum Resistance ≤1% R or 2Ω
Contact Resistance Variation CRV≤1%or 2Ω
Insulation Resistance R1≥1GΩ(500Vac)
Withstand Voltage 707Vac
Effective Travel 250°


Su Suntan Polystyrene Film Capacitors

March 10, 2009 Views
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In these devices, polystyrene film is used as the dielectric. This type of capacitor is not for use in high frequency circuits, because they are constructed like a coil inside. They are used well in filter circuits or timing circuits which run at several hundred KHz or less.

The component shown on the left has a red color due to the copper leaf used for the electrode. The silver color is due to the use of aluminum foil as the electrode.

  • The device on the left has a height of 10 mm, is 5 mm thick, and is rated 100pF.
  • The device in the middle has a height of 10 mm, 5.7 mm thickness, and is rated 1000pF.
  • The device on the right has a height of 24 mm, is 10 mm thick, and is rated 10000pF.
  • These devices have no polarity.


Su Suntan Multilayer Ceramic Capacitors

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Suntan Technology Company Limited
---All kinds of Capacitors

The multilayer ceramic capacitor has a many-layered dielectric. These capacitors are small in size, and have good temperature and frequency characteristics.


Su Suntan Ceramic Capacitors

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Ceramic capacitors are constructed with materials such as titanium acid barium used as the dielectric. Internally, these capacitors are not constructed as a coil, so they can be used in high frequency applications. Typically, they are used in circuits which bypass high frequency signals to ground.

These capacitors have the shape of a disk. Their capacitance is comparatively small.

  • The capacitor on the left is a 100pF capacitor with a diameter of about 3 mm.
  • The capacitor on the right side is printed with 103, so 10 x 103pF becomes 0.01 µF. The diameter of the disk is about 6 mm.
  • Ceramic capacitors have no polarity.
  • Ceramic capacitors should not be used for analog circuits, because they can distort the signal.


Su Suntan Introduce What is Farad

March 10, 2009 Views
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Suntan Technology Company Limited
---All kinds of Capacitors

A capacitor's storage potential, or capacitance, is measured in units called farads. A 1-farad capacitor can store one coulomb (coo-lomb) of charge at 1 volt. A coulomb is 6.25e18 (6.25 * 10^18, or 6.25 billion billion) electrons. One amp represents a rate of electron flow of 1 coulomb of electrons per second, so a 1-farad capacitor can hold 1 amp-second of electrons at 1 volt.

A 1-farad capacitor would typically be pretty big. It might be as big as a can of tuna or a 1-liter soda bottle, depending on the voltage it can handle. For this reason, capacitors are typically measured in microfarads (millionths of a farad).

To get some perspective on how big a farad is, think about this:

  • A standard alkaline AA battery holds about 2.8 amp-hours.
  • That means that a AA battery can produce 2.8 amps for an hour at 1.5 volts (about 4.2 watt-hours -- a AA battery can light a 4-watt bulb for a little more than an hour).
  • Let's call it 1 volt to make the math easier. To store one AA battery's energy in a capacitor, you would need 3,600 * 2.8 = 10,080 farads to hold it, because an amp-hour is 3,600 amp-seconds.

If it takes something the size of a can of tuna to hold a farad, then 10,080 farads is going to take up a LOT more space than a single AA battery! Obviously, it's impractical to use capacitors to store any significant amount of power unless you do it at a high voltage.


The difference between a capacitor and a battery is that a capacitor can dump its entire charge in a tiny fraction of a second, where a battery would take minutes to completely discharge. That's why the electronic flash on a camera uses a capacitor -- the battery charges up the flash's capacitor over several seconds, and then the capacitor dumps the full charge into the flash tube almost instantly. This can make a large, charged capacitor extremely dangerous -- flash units and TVs have warnings about opening them up for this reason. They contain big capacitors that can, potentially, kill you with the charge they contain.

Capacitors are used in several different ways in electronic circuits:

  • Sometimes, capacitors are used to store charge for high-speed use. That's what a flash does. Big lasers use this technique as well to get very bright, instantaneous flashes.
  • Capacitors can also eliminate ripples. If a line carrying DC voltage has ripples or spikes in it, a big capacitor can even out the voltage by absorbing the peaks and filling in the valleys.
  • A capacitor can block DC voltage. If you hook a small capacitor to a battery, then no current will flow between the poles of the battery once the capacitor charges. However, any alternating current (AC) signal flows through a capacitor unimpeded. That's because the capacitor will charge and discharge as the alternating current fluctuates, making it appear that the alternating current is flowing.

In the next section, we'll look at the history of the capacitor and how some of the most brilliant minds contributed to its progress.

Su Suntan Capacitor Circuit

March 10, 2009 Views
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In an electronic circuit, a capacitor is shown like this:

electrical circuit

©2007 HowStuffWorks

When you connect a capacitor to a battery, here's what happens:

capacitor connected to a battery

  • The plate on the capacitor that attaches to the negative terminal of the battery accepts electrons that the battery is producing.
  • The plate on the capacitor that attaches to the positive terminal of the battery loses electrons to the battery.

Once it's charged, the capacitor has the same voltage as the battery (1.5 volts on the battery means 1.5 volts on the capacitor). For a small capacitor, the capacity is small. But large capacitors can hold quite a bit of charge. You can find capacitors as big as soda cans that hold enough charge to light a flashlight bulb for a minute or more.

Even nature shows the capacitor at work in the form of lightning. One plate is the cloud, the other plate is the ground and the lightning is the charge releasing between these two "plates." Obviously, in a capacitor that large, you can hold a huge amount of charge!

Let's say you hook up a capacitor like this:

Here you have a battery, a light bulb and a capacitor. If the capacitor is pretty big, what you will notice is that, when you connect the battery, the light bulb will light up as current flows from the battery to the capacitor to charge it up. The bulb will get progressively dimmer and finally go out once the capacitor reaches its capacity. If you then remove the battery and replace it with a wire, current will flow from one plate of the capacitor to the other. The bulb will light initially and then dim as the capacitor discharges, until it is completely out.

In the next section, we'll learn more about capacitance and take a detailed look at the different ways that capacitors are used.

Su Suntan History of the Capacitor

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