Suntan Ceramic Trimmer Capacitor Specifications Capacitance

March 31, 2011 Views
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When measured at room temperature (25°C ± 5°C) and at a frequency of 0.1 to 1 Megahertz, the minimum capacitance shall not be greater than that specified at minimum setting with a +10% tolerance and the maximum capacitance shall not be less than that specified maximum setting with a - 10% tolerance.

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Suntan Electrolytic double-layer capacitors Applications

March 30, 2011 Views
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1.Extremely large capacitance to volume ratio, small size, low ESR.

2.Available in hundreds, or thousands, of farads. A relatively new capacitor technology.

3.Often used to temporarily provide power to equipment during battery replacement.

4.Can rapidly absorb and deliver larger currents than batteries during charging and discharging, making them valuable for hybrid vehicles.

5.Polarized, low operating voltage (volts per capacitor cell). Groups of cells are stacked to provide higher overall operating voltage.

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Suntan Comparison of Ceramics Capacitor and Tantalum Capacitor

March 29, 2011 Views
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Although the construction techniques and materials used to manufacture multilayer ceramic and tantalum capacitors are completely different, the basic applications still remain the same. Capacitors in the 0.1 - 22µF range are used mainly for digital circuit decoupling and filtering. Acting as local supplies of charge, capacitors assist power supplies in remaining at a constant DC voltage despite the continuous switching of digital signal circuitry. Capacitors also function as simple, single pole filters and can be used in conjunction with other devices (resistors and inductors) to create higher order filter circuits.

As much as tantalums and ceramics are both capacitors, they do have many different properties. The case sizes and capacitance values available will first be studied. The impedance curves, the parasitic inductance (ESL) and equivalent series resistance (ESR) for each of the technologies will also be outlined. Then the electrical performance under a variety of conditions, such as temperature and DC bias, will be examined.


Suntan mica for mica capacitor

March 28, 2011 Views
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Natural mica has to be carefully selected because some samples do contain impurities including, iron, sodium, ferric oxide, and lithium. This introduces some variability into any mica that might be used for capacitor manufacture and therefore it must be carefully inspected and classified. This is one of the reasons why silver mica capacitors are more expensive than other types which have less manual intervention.

Mica is chemically very stable and chemically inert. Mica does not react with oil, water, many acids alkalis, and solvents. As a result of this, ageing does not occur to any major degree, and the variations of water vapour in the atmosphere do not cause undue variations in the overall capacitor performance.

Although more costly than other dielectrics, mica is an ideal form of dielectric for very high performance capacitors such as silver mica capacitors.

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Suntan Introduction of Capacitor Application

March 26, 2011 Views
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The function of capacitors in a circuit is often explained with comparison to a water tank.  When a capacitor is compared to a water tank, the battery can be considered as the pump filling the tank with water.

On the circuit, water is similar to dislocation, and the water quantity in the tank can be expressed as the changed quantity pumped in to the capacitor.  Thus, the capacitor’s area corresponds to the dislocated quantity as the tank’s area corresponds to water quantity.

We know that a long and narrow vertical tank can hold just as much water as the short, wide and horizontal tank can. However, the vertical tank has more pressure due to the water than the horizontal one. In the same idea, we can think that for a large capacity, there is a low voltage, and short and wide capacitor, and for a low capacity, there is a high voltage, and long and narrow capacitor.

When the capacitor is connected to the circuit while receiving energy from active components(Battery), one electrode of the capacitor bears a positive electric charge, and the other electrode becomes negative.  The electric charge on the electrode will conduct the opposite charge on the whole.  The electric charge conducted like this is called Permittivity.


Suntan tell you the application of Trimming Potentiometer

March 25, 2011 Views
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Potentiometers are also very widely used as a part of displacement transducers because of the simplicity of construction and because they can give a large output signal.


In analog computers, high precision potentiometers are used to scale intermediate results by desired constant factors, or to set initial conditions for a calculation. A motor-driven potentiometer may be used as a function generator, using a non-linear resistance card to supply approximations to trigonometric functions. For example, the shaft rotation might represent an angle, and the voltage division ratio can be made proportional to the cosine of the angle.

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Suntan a Varistor

March 24, 2011 Views
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The most common type of varistor is the metal oxide varistor, or MOV. This contains a mass of zinc oxide grains, in a matrix of other metal oxides, sandwiched between two metal plates (the electrodes). The boundary between each grain and its neighbour forms a diode junction, which allows current to flow in only one direction. The mass of randomly oriented grains is electrically equivalent to a network of back-to-back diode pairs, each pair in parallel with many other pairs. When a small or moderate voltage is applied across the electrodes, only a tiny current flows, causes by reverse leakage through the diode junctions. When a large voltage is applied, the diode junctions break down because of the avalanche effect, and a large current flows. The result of this behaviour is a highly nonlinear current-voltage characteristic, in which the MOV has a high resistance at low voltages and a low resistance at high voltages.

If the size of the transient pulse (often measured in joules) is too high, the device may melt, or otherwise be damaged. For example, a nearby lightning strike may permanently damage a varistor.

Important parameters for varistors are response time (how long it takes the varistor to break down), maximum current and a well-defined breakdown voltage. When used in communications lines (such as phone lines used for modems), high capacitance is undesirable since it absorbs high frequency signals, thereby reducing the available bandwidth of the line being protected.


Suntan Electronic Circuits of Resistors and Capacitors

March 23, 2011 Views
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The electronics circuits and modules section of this website aims to provide a pot-pourri of electronics design ideas and circuits that can be used within electronics hardware designs. It focuses on providing easy to use designs that can be implemented into electronic product designs, using easy to use formulae and design ideas.

Resistors and capacitors can be considered as the staple components used in electronic circuits. While resistors and capacitors are most commonly used with other active devices, they may also be used on their own in resistor or capacitor circuits, or circuits using combinations of the two.


Suntan Ripple Voltage of Tantalum Capacitor

March 22, 2011 Views
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Tantalum capacitors are manufactured from a powder of pure tantalum metal pressed to form a slug around a tantalum wire and subsequently vacuum sintered at high temperature. The resulting slug, although of high mechanical strength and density, is also highly porous giving a large internal surface area. This forms the positive "plate" of the capacitor. A dielectric layer of tantalum pentoxide is anodized on the surface of the tantalum anode, the cathode is formed by layers of manganese dioxide. Electrical contact is established by the deposition of carbon onto the surface of the "slug". The cathode connection is then made by means of conductive contact to a lead frame. Packaging is carried out to meet individual specification and customer requirements.

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Suntan Crystal oscillators

March 21, 2011 Views
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There is a great number of different types of circuit that can be used for crystal oscillators, each one having its own advantages and disadvantages. One of the most common circuits used for crystal oscillators is the Colpitts configuration as shown below.

In this configuration, the crystal operates in a parallel mode. When running in this mode, the crystal should be presented with a load capacitance to operate on its correct frequency. This load capacitance is specified with the crystal and is typically 20 or 30 pF. The crystal oscillator circuit will be designed to present this capacitance to the crystal. Most of this will be made up by the two capacitors C1 and C2, although the remaining elements of the circuit will provide some capacitance.